Salamanca Archive (38)

Maynooth College archives are the administrative records of St Patrick’s College, Maynooth, founded in 1795 as the National Catholic Seminary in Ireland. The archives are essentially administrative rather than personal.

From the later Middle Ages, with no university in Ireland, young Irishmen, many of whom were aspirants to the priesthood, had made their way abroad, chiefly to Oxford and Cambridge. From the mid-16th century, with the beginning of anti-Catholic legislation, there was a shift to the continent, with a group forming in Paris as early as 1578 and the first Irish College in Spain founded in Salamanca in 1592. By the end of the 18th century, prior to the French Revolution, there were 480 Irish students in 12 continental colleges, and 87% of those students were in France or the Austrian Netherlands. The only continental colleges restored after 1815 were those in Paris, Rome and Salamanca.

The Catholic Relief Acts of 1782 and 1793 finally permitted Catholics in Ireland to open schools and to teach. When war began between France and Britain in February 1793, the Irish colleges were effectively closed. It was principally this sudden loss of a training ground, that resulted in the foundation of the college at Maynooth, staffed by professors who had all been educated on the continent.

The archives also includes the papers of the Irish College in Salamanca which came to Maynooth on the closure of the Irish college in 1951. They comprise some 50,000 administrative documents dating from the foundation of the college in 1592 to the mid- 20th century. The collection also includes some papers from other Irish colleges in Spain: Lisbon (flourished 1590-1834), Valladolid (founded 1592), Santiago de Compostela (fl. 1605-1769), Seville (fl. 1612-1767), Madrid (founded 1629), Alcalá de Henares (fl. 1649-1785).

Online Catalogue:

Browse our online archive catalogue.

Digital images of archive material can be ordered upon request. Please contact College Archivist for further details.

Salamanca Archive (54)

Contact details:

For all queries regarding the archive please contact the College Archivist.

The archives are consulted in the Russell library. For information on conditions of access, reading room procedures, opening hours etc please consult the Russell Library webpage.

Further information

  • CORISH, Patrick J.: ‘Maynooth College Archives’ in Catholic Archives, 13 (1993), pp. 46-8
  • CORISH, Patrick J.: Maynooth College, 1795-1995 (Dublin, 1995)
  • HEALY, J.: Maynooth College: a centenary history (Dublin, 1895)
  • CORISH, P.J. and SHEEHY, David C.: Records of the Irish Catholic Church (Dublin, 2001) (Maynooth research guides for Irish local history; 3)

Students at Maynooth

Surviving sources of information for each student provide the diocese, date of matriculation and date of ordination. This information has been published in two volumes

  • HAMELL, Patrick: Maynooth students and ordinations index, 1795-1895 (Maynooth, 1982)
  • HAMELL, Patrick: Maynooth students and ordinations index, 1895-1984 (Maynooth, 1984). This volume reproduces class photographs 1882-1984

Class lists, prize lists, ordinations, courses, college staff present and previous, are to be found in the College Kalendarium, which began in 1863, and appears annually.

The subsequent careers and dates of death of Maynooth priests may be traced using the Irish Catholic Directory (Dublin), which has appeared annually since 1836. A chronological check in the annual list of parish priests and curates will chart movement from parish to parish and also any promotion.


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